Frequently Asked Questions
Below are Frequently Asked Questions on the Civil Rights Data Collection.
Frequently Asked Questions About Civil Rights Data Collection - General
The Civil Rights Data Collection is a biennial (i.e., every other school year) survey of public schools required by OCR since 1968.
The CRDC collects data on leading civil rights indicators related to access and barriers to educational opportunity at the early childhood through grade 12 levels.
The 2015–16 CRDC will collect data from every public local educational agencies (LEA) and schools, including long-term secure juvenile justice facilities, charter schools, alternative schools, and schools serving only students with disabilities. OCR also collected from every public school in 2011–12 and 2013–14.
Data from the 2000, 2004, 2006, 2009-10, 2011-12, and 2013-14 CRDC surveys are available in the CRDC reporting tool at http://ocrdata.ed.gov. For other information about the most recently released CRDC data, visit the CRDC 2013-14 page.
Information about collecting and reporting data for the 2015–16 CRDC is available at this link.
The CRDC is also a longstanding and critical aspect of the overall enforcement and monitoring strategy used by OCR to ensure that recipients of the Department’s Federal financial assistance do not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, and disability.
OCR relies on CRDC data it receives from public school districts as it investigates complaints alleging discrimination, initiates proactive compliance reviews to focus on particularly acute or nationwide civil rights compliance problems, and provides policy guidance and technical assistance to educational institutions, parents, students, and others.
In addition, the CRDC is a valuable resource for other Department offices and Federal agencies, policymakers and researchers, educators and school officials, parents and students, and the public who seek data on student equity and opportunity.
Section 203(c)(1) of the 1979 Department of Education Organization Act conveys to the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights the authority to “collect or coordinate the collection of data necessary to ensure compliance with civil rights laws within the jurisdiction of the Office for Civil Rights.”
The civil rights laws enforced by OCR include: Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits discrimination based on race, color, and national origin; Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which prohibits discrimination based on sex; and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. OCR’s implementing regulations for each of these statutes require recipients of the Department’s federal financial assistance to submit to OCR “complete and accurate compliance reports at such times, and in such form and containing such information” as OCR “may determine to be necessary to enable [OCR] to ascertain whether the recipient has complied or is complying” with these laws and implementing regulations (34 CFR § 100.6(b), 34 CFR § 106.71, and 34 CFR § 104.61). Any data collection that OCR has determined to be necessary to ascertain or ensure compliance with these laws is mandatory.
For more information about the CRDC and OCR, please visit: http://www.ed.gov/ocr/data.html.
Frequently Asked Questions About Civil Rights Data Collection - 2015–16 CRDC
A detailed list of 2015–16 CRDC data elements is available here.
Almost all of the data elements that were previously collected by the 2013–14 CRDC will continue to be collected by the 2015–16 CRDC.
In addition, the following data elements are revised by collecting data about high school equivalency exam preparation programs in addition to those for the General Educational Development (GED):
The following data elements were optional in the 2013–14 CRDC, but are required in the 2015–16 CRDC:
The following data elements were dropped for the 2015–16 CRDC:
Have the data items to be collected in the 2015–16 CRDC changed since OCR received initial clearance for it in 2014?
Minor changes were made to a few data elements in the 2015–16 CRDC to address comments received and questions raised by LEAs during the administration of the 2013–14 CRDC.
OCR made three material changes to the 2015–16 CRDC. Specifically, OCR: (1) dropped the “students transferred to a regular school for disciplinary reasons” data element; (2) added new “child count for 2-year-olds served in LEA preschool” data element; and (3) expanded high school equivalency exam preparation program student participation and credentials data elements to include state-authorized high school equivalency exam preparation programs in addition to the General Educational Development (GED) test preparation programs.